Area archeologica di Larino - Anfiteatro

Larino - La città romana e l'anfiteatro

Via Dante Alighieri
Larino (CB)

Phone: 0874

Orario di apertura:
Chiuso la domenica

The urban centre, documented from the archaic period onwards, was arranged according to a Hippodamian grid plan in the 4th century B.C., and reached the height of its development in the 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C., as attested by the existence of a mint.  The coins it produced reflect local cultural characteristics, with some coins following the Greek system of weights and others the Italic system, and inscribed with legends in Greek as well as in Oscan. Cicero has left us with an image of Larino in the 1st century B.C. as a city that was rich, but corrupt (see Cicero’s Pro Cluentio in which he argues a legal case involving an illustrious citizen of Larino, accused of poisoning his rival Oppianicus). The crisis in the Sullan and post-Sullan eras was followed by a period of splendour (second half of the 1st to the 2nd century A.D.), in which the forum was reorganised and a number of monumental buildings were constructed, including the amphitheatre.
The site of Piana S. Leonardo was abandoned in the early Middle Ages as a result, most probably, of a Saracen attack that drove the population to seek refuge, in what is now the historical centre, on a tufa spur, naturally defended on all sides by steep slopes.
The archaeological site at Villa Zappone, a private residence dating to the early1900s, is home to a amphitheatre of Flavian date. A number of bath buildings were found across the ancient site, but the most visible and best-preserved examples are the 2nd century A.D. structures located by, and most probably functioning in connection with, the amphitheatre. The mosaics with geometric motifs and sea creatures and fantastic beasts, which paved the pools and floors of the bath house are particularly impressive.