Pietrabbondante - Il santuario
Phone: 0865 76129
Orario di apertura:
The territory of Pietrabbondante, in the heart of Pentrian Samnium, is home to a number of especially interesting archaeological sites. The earliest (5th century B.C.) of these sites is the necropolis at Troccola, on the western slopes of Monte Saraceno. In the 4th century B.C. its summit was fortified by the addition of a polygonal wall which was linked to a series of defensive structures at a lower altitude. This was a period when, in the face of the threat of invasion from Rome, defensive works were erected all across the Samnite territory.
The sanctuary at this site was first given a monumental structure in the 3rd century B.C. with the construction of the so-called Ionic temple, later sacked by Hannibal in 217 B.C. Early in the 2nd century B.C. the area was expanded with the construction of temple A, but it was only at the end of the 2nd century B.C. that a monumental theatre and temple B were constructed in a typically Hellenistic style, although modified by influences from Campanian and Latium . The most recent excavations in the south-west of the complex have revealed a number of porticoes, designed to house votive offerings, and have identified the domus publica, the official residence for the priests and magistrates who visited the sanctuary.
The complex was abandoned in the early decades of the 1st century B.C. following Sulla’s defeat of the forces of Gaius Marius: the Pentrian Samnites who had sided against Sulla shared Marius’ fate. The sanctuary of Pietrabbondante, as a public space, was confiscated and sold into private hands: It probably went to the Socelli family, whose monumental tomb (dating to the second half of the 1st century B.C.) is located at a short distance from the sacred area.